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Wednesday, 2 April 2014

What is Autism of a Child?

Autism is a a disorder with anyone in our family, relation or society. What is Autism and what parents should know about it? Explained here:

  • Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorders affects the way the brain processes information and prevents individuals from properly understanding what they see, hear, and otherwise sense, resulting in difficulties in social relationships, communication, and behaviour.

  • There are around 10 million people in india with ASD; 80% of these are boys.

  • Symptoms of autism can range from a mild social and learning disability to a severe impairment.

  • Some children with autism do not ever develop speech, some rarely use language to communicate, and some can go on to graduate from college.

  • What causes autism is not yet known; hence there is no cure.

  • Autism shows no social, educational, economic, caste or religious bias.

  • Autism is a complex condition. If parents suspect that their child may have autism, they should start intervention right away. They should not wait for them to be older or till they receive a diagnosis.

  • The route to helping autism affected child lies in understanding autism and the unique ways it manifests in the child.

  • There are no cure for autism, but every child with autism can learn and progress if timely advice is taken from National Trust or its registered organisations and organisations established by State Government.

  • Suitable education can contribute significantly to improve the long-term opportunities of children with autism.

  • Here are some signs / symptoms of Children who suffer from Autism which they can find. (a) Child does not respond when called & sometimes appears deaf. (b) Child avoids eye contact. (c) Child finds it difficult in mixing and playing with other children. (d) Child does not point with the index finger to indicate interest. (e) Child likes sameness in everyday routine and does not enjoy change. (f) Child is not responsive to normal teaching methods. (g) Has lack of pretend play or unusual and repetitive pretend play. & (h) Has extreme restlessness, hyperactivity or extreme passivity.

  • Above content is issued in public interest and Courtesy by Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Govt. of India.