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Thursday, 29 September 2016

Dyslexia - What? Why? Impacts & Solutions

Many teenagers are suffering from 'Dyslexia' which is a type of specific learning disability. Here are what is it?, why is it?, its impacts & solutions:-

  • 'Dyslexia' is a Greek word meaning difficulty with words. Teens have normal intelligence. They have problems reading and writing and need different ways to learn. It is an impairment of decoding skills in reading.

  • Dyslexia is a hereditary component. It is a type of neuro-developmental disorder in which, language processing is disturbed. Therefore, both reading and writing is affected. It affects all languages.

  • Nearly 5-15% of children have specific learning disability. Of these 80% have been found to be dyslexic. Overall prevalence is 5%. Dyslexia is also 2-3 times more common among boys than girls.

  • 40 to 60% of dyslexics especially teens suffer from psychological effects of this disability like anxiety, depression and attention deficit. They also feel like outcasts and face rejection leading to poor self-confidence and self-esteem. Research indicates higher rate of suicides among teens having dyslexia.

  • A teen who has dyslexia tries to hide his / her reading and writing difficulties. Avoids reading and writing as much as possible. He / she avoids reading and writing as much as possible and relies more on verbal / memory skills rather than reading.

  • Since the teen cannot grow out of this problem, he / she may develop different compensatory strategies to learn and retain information.

  • Dealing with dyslexia can be tough. A detailed evaluation by a psychologist to confirm the diagnosis and also to assess associated problems is mandatory.

  • A dyslexic teen requires help from a special tutor trained in teaching awareness of speech sounds in words and letter sound correspondences (phonics).

  • Computer software for dyslexics also helps to read aloud. Assistance in the form of extra time during exams, help with books or tapes can be provided.

  • Emotional support is crucial as teens with this problem suffer from poor self-esteem and a feeling of worthlessness.

  • Many famous scientists like Marie Curie, Edison & Einstein had 'dyslexia' problem but set an example of how it is possible to succeed in the face of this challenging condition.

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